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Roof Installation II – The Process

March 11th, 2011 No comments

After deciding what kind of roof you want to have for your house, here are ideas how roofing works are done:
The first stage will be the knocking down of mess, existing roofing is removed exposing water damaged and deteriorated sheathing. This entails the removal of old layers of shingles, take away any old or decayed materials such as old felt paper under the shingles and staples that make it hold in place.  Make sure you totally clean up the exterior of the roof. Examine the roof and make some replacements in case it is needed especially when it comes to roof plywood sheeting or any dented boards. Any roof vents should be set aside for the purpose of reinstallation and you will still need to look for a new one if it’s really badly damaged already. Roof sealant material that is lengthening out of the roof must have a cut.

Next will be the Preparation Stage, This involves the installation of new fascia boards; it does not matter whether or not it existed beforehand in the clean up period for the roof because you will be needing this one for putting up of an L-shaped and rigid drip edge covering  around the border of the whole roof area.  If in case you have roof valleys, you will be needing valley flashing so you can ensure to have your roof seam in between of two adjoining roof lines well protected.

After that, get ready for felt installation on the roof.  It is also known as tar paper. This is being installed from corner to corner of the roof starting along its edge and the overlap successive rows should measure at least one foot. Staples are used to fasten the felt or tar paper while razor knives for trimming down the felt extending to any vent location at the roof.
Never forget the peak cap, this is the installed rows of felt paper at the roof peak when both sides are entirely installed with the felt paper, this covers the peak of the roof.

Lastly, brace yourself for the installation of shingle. These are either stapled or nailed to the roof. The shingles should appear above the line being exposed. The shingles are to be installed staggered in contagious rows and make sure that the seams in between individual shingles are unparallel. Vent covers are again used for making it sit in the lower row of shingles. You can also prefer to put up specially made ridge shingles but only if all shingles are completely installed.
Never forget the common mistakes of not staggering the seams of the sheathing.  Never attach the sheathing wrong side-up. Do not align the Sheathing with the edge of the roof rather than perpendicular to the rafters, panels should meet in the center of a truss or rafter and make sure that there is adequate nailing.
Did you know that roof system is one of the most significant constituent of any home structure? It is devised to keep the elements out and allow the construction breath. If it is installed properly, it can actually add spark to your home… whatever style or colors you have got, these basic roofing procedures applies.

It is a genuine relief to secure your roof and it could make you really feel as ease as many people used to call it a home sweet home.

Roof repair and maintenance

December 13th, 2009 No comments

image5Slate and tile roofs are a important design feature of New Jersey homes. The homes were made so that the roofs help establish the character of the individual buildings and the community as a whole, going far beyond being just functional. Slate is the most often material used on New Jersey roofs but there are also several distinctive types of tile in evidence. Slate is a natural product and the appearance cannot be duplicated using substitute materials. It is one of the most aesthetically pleasing and durable of all roofing materials. Slate roofs can, and should be, maintained and repaired to effectively extend their serviceable lives.

Roof repairs

Broken, cracked, and missing slates should be repaired promptly by an experienced roofer  that has an experience with New Jersey roofing, in order to prevent water damage to interior finishes, accelerated deterioration of the roof and roof sheathing, and possible structural degradation to framing members. However, if installed properly, slate roofs require relatively little maintenance and will stay 60 to 125 years or longer depending on the type of slate that was used, the roof slope and exposure. Some slates have been known to last over 200 years. The natural weathering of roofing slate shows as a slow process of chipping and scaling along the layers of the stone. Paper thin layers flake off the surface of the slate and the slate eventually becomes soft and spongy as the inner layers begin to come apart, or de-laminate  roofing NJ contractor over time, the chemical and physical changes that occur as the slate weathers cause an increase in absorption and a decrease in both strength and toughness. Slate roof repair is viable for localized problems and damaged roofs with reasonably long serviceable lives remaining but the repairs need to be performed by roofers that are experienced working with slate. Slate is stone mined in quarries in several locations in the USA primarily in the northeast. Slate quarried in different areas has different color. The most common
colors are gray, blue gray, black, various shades of green, deep purple, brick red, and mottled varieties. All can be seen on different New Jersey houses. Color is no indication of durability or life span but slate quarried in different areas has different estimated life. There is a grading system for the various slate types and the grade of the slate should always be specified by a roofer when a roof is being repaired or replaced.

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Roof Flashing

Flashing is important to the roof’s function and like the roof itself is important to the appearance of New Jersey homes. It is, however, the weakest point in any roof and failure of the flashing system is usually a major cause of roof damage. Flashing is made of thin sheet metal formed to prevent water from entering a building at joints, intersections and changes of pitch. It is typically installed around chimneys, parapet walls, dormer windows, roof valleys, vents, and intersections of porches, additions or bay windows. Flashing often fails before roof surfaces, particularly with more durable roofing such as slate, resulting in interior leaking. If the flashing deteriorates, it is possible to replace it without replacing the entire roof. When replacing flashing or installing a new roof, it is important to select a flashing material that has an anticipated life span similar or longer than the roofing. Copper, terne, steel, lead and aluminum are all used for flashing. Total Roofing & Siding can recommend the right material for your needs. The longevity of each material is based upon its thickness and whether it is galvanized, treated or coated. Generally, copper or lead coated copper  has the longest life span, followed by steel, with aluminum being highly susceptible to punctures, tears and a galvanic reaction to other metals and some roofing materials. Given the permanence of slate, it is a poor economic decision to use anything but the most durable of metals and skilled workmanship for installing flashings. Copper is one of the best flashing materials and is used in most Guilford homes. Others have terne metal, also an acceptable flashing material, but it needs to be painted and therefore requires more maintenance. For Guilford homes, ridges and valleys on visible gabled roofs with slate covering are to be maintained or constructed in accordance with the historic common practice. They and other flashing connections between the roof and masonry surfaces are to be copper or terne metal.